Dog, Saint Bernard dog, German Spitz dog

Breeding Bernards
Beginning in 1830, the monks started breeding the dogs with Newfoundlands, thinking that the longer hair of the breed would better protect the dogs in the cold. But the idea backfired as ice formed on the dogs' hairs. Because the dogs were no longer as effective in their rescues, the monks gave them away to people in the surrounding Swiss valleys.

Which Dog sheds more a German Shepherd or Saint Bernard? - Quora

EPILEPSY: Seizure disorders occur in this breed due to a number of causes (whichinclude, but are not limited to, high fever, brain lesions, stroke,head injury, metabolic disorders, ingestion of organophosphates orcleaning chemicals, and irresponsible breeding). Idiopathicepilepsy or epilepsy of unknown origin typically presents at age 2-4years. Epilepsy is usually a manageable disease. However, as epilepsymay be hereditary, Saints with any seizure disorder should NEVER bebred.

GASTRIC DILATATION/VOLVULUS: GDV (commonly called “bloat”) is a syndrome involving distension of the stomach with gas and/or foodor water, and twisting (or torsion) of the stomach or spleen. It is alife-threatening emergency! A bloated abdomen, attempts by the dog tovomit, the appearance of distress, and/or very pale gums are symptomsthat should alert the owner and the veterinarian. Without immediatesurgical intervention the dog will die. Although GDV can be seen invirtually every breed, it is most common in large or giant deep-chesteddogs like Saints, Great Danes, Newfies, Mastiffs, German Shepherds, andRottweilers.

CARDIAC DISORDERS: Cardiomyopathy (deterioration of the heart muscle) and congestive heart failure (CHF) are frequently seen in the giant breeds. Unexplained weight loss withlabored breathing and fluid build-up in the abdomen are common warningsigns.

Saint Bernards are wonderful dogs but they do require a lot of work. The rewards? There’s an endless supply of affection tucked into thosebig bodies.

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Bernard dog with german breed name vector art, clipart and stock vectors. Thought to be derived from the ancient mastiff-type Molosser war dogs of the Romans, the St. Bernard is a dog with a long and romantic history. The type originated in the Swiss Alps at the Hospice of the Great St. Bernard, founded in 1050 by Bernard of Menton (later canonized) of the monastic Order of St. Augustine. Situated at an elevation of 8100 feet, with such harsh winter weather conditions that snow levels can reach 36 feet and the nearby lake is often frozen year-round, the Hospice was established in part to help travelers make it through the only passage in the area linking Switzerland and Italy. Soldiers, traders, seasonal labourers and pilgrims en route to or from Rome would traverse the forbidding narrow alpine pass. The rugged terrain with its sudden weather changes, bitter cold, blizzards and avalanches posed much danger. Gangs of bandits also lurked alongside the route to plunder unprotected wayfarers. The Hospice provided welcome refuge, a fireplace, hot meal and safe bed, to frightened and road-weary travelers.

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To accompany them in their daily activities, the monks brought general-purpose working dogs up to the Hospice from farms in the valleys below. It is unclear exactly when the first dogs arrived, what they looked like, and what, if any, was the monks’ breeding program, as a fire in 1555 destroyed most of the Hospice including all its archives. But a painting dated around 1695 and still hanging there today shows a clear St. Bernard dog progenitor – a large white dog with brown markings and a substantial head, of powerful build and noble stance. Though certain aspects of its form have become exaggerated, today’s St. Bernard is remarkably true to his type.

Saint Bernard - Dog Breed Information